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語法陷阱題800例-被動語態
作者:HMX    文章來源:本站原創    點擊數:    更新時間:2012/6/6    
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語法陷阱題800-被動語態

 

典型陷阱題分析

1. “Do you like the material?” “Yes, it _____ very soft.”

A. is feeling                                              B. felt

C. feels                                                    D. is felt

【陷阱】此題容易誤選D,想當然地根據這布料摸起來很柔軟這一句意,認為布料應是被摸,所以 feel 選用被動語態。

【分析】其實,此題正確答案為C,因為 feel 在此為連系動詞,而連系動詞均為不及物動詞,不能用于被動語態,盡管有時其漢語意思有被動意味。請看以下類似例子 (答案均為D)

(1) Her forehead _____ hot. I’m afraid she is ill.

A. is feeling                                              B. felt

C. is felt                                                   D. feels

(2) The new school has been completed. It _____ very beautiful.

A. is looked                                              B. looked

C. has looked                                            D. looks

(3) The dish _____ nice, but the milk _____ sour.

A. is smelt, is smelt                                   B. is smelt, smells

C. smells, is smelt                                     D. smells, smells

(4) The story of his life _____ interesting.

A. is sounded                                            B. is sounding

C. has sounded                                          D. sounds

2. He was angry _____ your work. He said that he _____ at all.

A. at, didn’t satisfy                                    B. to, didn’t satisfy

C. at, wasn’t satisfied                                 D. to, wasn’t satisfied

【陷阱】幾個干擾項均有可能被誤選。

【分析】最佳答案為C be angry at (about) sth 意為對某事生氣,許多同學常按漢語意思將其中的介詞 at (about) 換成 to,這是錯誤的。另外,許多同學將漢語的不滿意直譯為 not satisfy,這是是不對的,因為,satisfy在現代英語中只用作及物動詞,其意不是滿意而是使()滿意,所以其后不能沒有賓語,除非本身是被動語態(或是系表結構)

 

◆最新原創陷阱題(附詳解)◆

1. The president _____ a cool reception when he visited London.

A. gave                                                    B. was given

C. had given                                             D. had been given

2. A red sky in the morning _____ to be a sign of bad weather.

A. says                                                     B. is saying

C. has said                                                D. is said

3 If you go there alone after dark you might get _____.

A. attacked and robbed      B. attacking and robbing

B. to attack and rob         D. to be attacked and robbed

4. What I wanted to know was when and where the meeting ______.

A. was holding                                          B. had held

C. was to hold                                           D. was to be held

5. New medicines and instruments ______ every day to extend life.

A. develop                                                B. are being developed 

C. are developing                                      D. have developed

6. I’ll come after the meeting if time ______. (www.miezzy.live)

A. permits                                                B. is permitting

C. is permitted                                          D. has permitted

7. The students _____ 50 a year to cover the cost of books and stationery.

A. give                                                     B. are given

C. have given                                            D. to give

8. With the development of science, more new technology _______ to the fields of IT.

A. has introduced                                      B. is being introduced

C. is introduced                                         D. was introduced

9.”How about the dishes, Dear?” “The beef didn’t taste very good. It ______ too long.”

A. cooked                                                 B. had been cooked

C. was cooked                                           D. had cooked

10. He kept a little notebook, in which ______ the names and addresses of his friends.

A. wrote                                                B. was writing

C. was written                                           D. were written

11. “Look! Everything here is under construction.” “What is the small building that ______for?”

A. is being building                                   B. has been built

C. is built                                                 D. is being built

12. Hundreds of jobs _______ if the factory closes.

A. lose                                                     B. will be lost

C. are lost                                                 D. will lose

13. A red sky in the morning ______ to be a sign of bad weather.

A. says                                                     B. is saying

C. has said                                                D. is said

14. New medicines and instruments ______ every day to extend life.

A. develop                                                B. are being developed

C. are developing                                      D. have developed

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